Toledo Municipal Court Housing and Environmental Division
555 North Erie Street
Toledo, Ohio 43604
Rights & Responsibilities
A landlord has certain rights and responsibilities. Landlords
are bound by their lease agreements and laws, which govern
rental of residential property.
The following is a general list of rights for landlords:
A landlord can sue a tenant for money damages, termination of
the lease, and eviction from the property if the tenant fails to
fulfill his/her duties under the lease agreement or the law.
A landlord can file suit to evict a tenant when:
- Tenant fails to pay rent in accordance with the lease or
- Tenant violates important terms of the lease.
- The lease agreement has expired and the tenant remains
in the property without the landlordâ€™s consent.
- Tenant fails to comply with proper notice to correct
health and safety violations. (Written notice must be given
to the tenant stating specific violations. The tenant then
has 30 days to correct the situation.)
- Tenant refuses to allow landlord reasonable access to
- Tenant files a complaint against the landlord to a
governmental agency about housing violations, which were
actually caused by the tenant and/or guests.
- Landlordâ€™s compliance with housing laws would require
alteration or demolition of the building, which would
deprive the tenant of effective use of the premises.
The following is a general list of responsibilities for
- Give tenants who lease dwellings built before 1978 a
federally approved lead hazard information pamphlet from
their landlord BEFORE THE LEASE TAKES EFFECT, as well as
disclose any known lead-based paint and/or lead-based paint
materials. For more information, contact the EPA National
Lead Information Center at 1-800-424-LEAD, or visit their
- Provide tenants in dwellings with two or more units
facilities or containers for the sanitary and safe
storage/disposal of trash. (Tenants in single-family
dwellings must provide their own trash receptacles.)
- Provide a heating system capable of maintaining a
minimum of 68 degrees in each habitable room.
- Put the premises in a safe and habitable condition
before renting and maintain the unit in a safe and habitable
condition during the tenancy.
- Assure that the property complies with all building,
housing and health codes which significantly affect health
and safety. The City of Toledo has housing inspectors who
can inspect conditions and cite landlords for violations,
condemn property unfit for habitation, and prosecute
landlords who refuse to comply with housing code
- Make all necessary repairs to make the property livable.
This includes keeping all electrical, plumbing, and heating
and ventilation systems in good working order.
- Exterminate for pests when necessary.
- Supply adequate hot and cold running water and heat at
- Keep all common areas in the building or on the grounds
safe and sanitary.
- Give tenants at least 24 hour notice before entering the
rental unit except in case of emergency. The landlord may
not abuse the right of access to inspect the property,
deliver packages, or show the property to prospective
tenants or buyers. Landlords may not enter without proper
notice and can be held responsible for any damages or
injuries caused by their trespassing.
- Shut off utilities or other services, change the locks,
remove doors or windows or threaten to do any of these
unlawful acts in an attempt to evict tenants.
- Prevent you from exercising your rights as a tenant by
increasing your rent, decreasing your services, bringing or
threatening to bring an eviction because you have complained
to him/her or to the city about a code violation or because
you participated in a tenants' union.
- Enter your apartment or house whenever he/she wants to
or repeatedly demand to enter even though proper notice has
not been given.
- Refuse to rent to tenants because of their race, color,
religion, national origin, citizenship, sex or handicap.
If a landlord does any of the above, he/she can be sued for
damages and forced by court order to restore utility services,
remove padlocks, return tenants' property or rent to the person
discriminated against. Punitive damages may also be assessed
against landlords who deliberately or maliciously violate the